The attitudes towards dating violence scales development and initial validation
These lower dietary intakes led to nutritional risk (for Ca, Fe, Mg, P, vitamins A, D, B-6) in more than 80 % and 60 % of females with EDNOS and r ED, respectively. Methods: A total of 168 children ages 6-12 with severe aggression (physical harm), DBD, and ADHD were randomized to parent training plus stimulant plus placebo (basic treatment) or parent training plus stimulant plus risperidone (augmented treatment) for 9 weeks.
Parents and teachers completed ratings of symptom-induced impairment for DSM-IV-referenced syndromes, and parents completed a background questionnaire for a consecutively referred sample of primarily male (81%) 6-to-12 year olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (N=221). Results: Females presented lower intakes of energy, macronutrients and micronutrients (Ca, Fe, Mg, K, P, Na, thiamin, vitamins E, C, B-6, B-12, pantothenic acid, folic acid) because the severity of their ED was greater. This secondary study explores outcomes other than DBD and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as measured by the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4R (CASI-4R).
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Dating Violence Research Team I was coordinator of the Dating Violence Research Team.
Adolescent girls' and boys' experiences of psychologically, physically, and sexually aggressive behaviors in their dating relationships: Co-occurrence and emotional reaction.Eight hundred twenty-three students from grades 7, 9, and 11 participated in the validation study. As predicted, students were more accepting of girls' use of violence than of boys' use of violence, and boys were more accepting of violence than were girls.The six scales were positively correlated with traditional attitudes toward gender roles and with each other, providing evidence for their construct validity.This study describes the development and validation of three Attitudes Towards Male Dating Violence (AMDV) Scales and three Attitudes Towards Female Dating Violence (AFDV) Scales.These scales measure attitudes toward use of psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence, respectively, by boys and by girls.